Schools of Chiropractic Medicine – Teaching the World, Creating Futures

Find Schools of Chiropractic Medicine in the United States and Canada. As the fields of complementary and alternative medicine continue to grow in acceptance, schools of chiropractic medicine are finding their way into mainstream education and as a prominent academic resource to prospective students pursuing chiropractic careers.

Which course of study is right for you? Typically, schools of chiropractic medicine offer degree programs in Doctor of Chiropractic; as well as Master’s programs in anatomy, science and biology. Other common studies extended through schools of chiropractic medicine may include but are not limited to pre-chiropractic courses, in addition to associate degree programs in chiropractic technology.

Now that you’ve determined that a career in chiropractic is right for you, it’s time to explore your educational avenues before applying to any one of several schools of chiropractic medicine. First and foremost, it is important to review course prerequisites as most chiropractor colleges and universities require a substantial amount of education prior to enrollment. For example, if you are interested in earning your Doctor of Chiropractic degree, you will generally need a minimum of 90 semester hours in humanities, sciences and social sciences; or an equivalent to a Bachelor’s degree.

Schools of chiropractic medicine are much like that of traditional schools and colleges as prospective students must complete an application for enrollment, as well as submission of official transcripts. However, in many cases, schools of chiropractic medicine frequently require recommendation letters, in addition to an essay of intention and a campus interview.

Once all necessary requirements are met to enroll at any one of several schools of chiropractic medicine, candidates are introduced to the vast world of holistic healthcare. Generally, schools of chiropractic medicine begin studies with anatomy of the spine and an introduction to chiropractic philosophies and principles. In addition, students learn how subluxations can affect overall health and wellbeing, and how these subluxations can lead to dis-ease.

Homoeopathy – Roots and Branches – 2) Empiricism and the First ‘Proving’ of a Substance

Hahnemann had for years studied the Empirical Medical Tradition and found some truth in it. According to the Empirical Medical Tradition each organic constitution, each disease process and each remedy is unique. Its four guiding principles were:

1. Do not injure.

2. Nature heals.

3. The appropriateness of medical techniques and the usefulness of remedies in disease can only ever be learned through observation and experience.

4. The organism reacts correctively to harmful stimuli in order to maintain equilibrium with its surroundings. This is known as the principle of Homoeostasis.

Note: Therefore symptoms are seen not in themselves as morbific, or harmful, but as the body’s own beneficial healing effort, which can be fully supported by the right form of medicine.

Hahnemann’s main criticism of empirical medicine was that it lacked an exact and serviceable theory of drug action. He believed that the only true way to have knowledge of the action of a medicine was through experimentation on the healthy human body.

He said that only by this means “can the true nature, the real effect of the medical substance be conscientiously discovered; from them (the experiments) alone can be ascertained to what maladies they are safely and successfully adaptable.”
(Hahnemann, ‘Essay on a New Principle for Ascertaining the Curative Power of Drugs and Some Examinations of the Previous Principles’)

These beliefs are probably what stimulated his initial experiment with the bark of the China tree, the experiment which initiated Hahnemann’s development of homoeopathy.

Experiment with Peruvian Bark
The turning point in Hahnemann’s career came in 1790 while he was translating a section of William Cullen’s Materia Medica. Cullen was a noted Scottish physician and herbalist and in his book he stated that Peruvian bark (known as Cinchona and referred to by homoeopaths as CHINA OFFICINALIS), from which quinine is extracted, was able to cure malaria because of its “bitter properties”. Hahnemann knew of other medicines and barks which possessed bitter qualities but they did not necessarily cure malaria, or ague as it was known then.

CHINA was also not a specific cure for malaria because Hahnemann knew from his own clinical experience that while some cases did respond to the medicine, others did not. Hahnemann believed that there must be a way to find out under what conditions China was able to cure malaria so he decided to test the medicine on himself. He took four drachms and began to experience many of the symptoms usually associated with Malaria.

“My feet, the tips of my fingers etc. became cold, and I felt tired and sleepy; then my heart began to beat, my pulse became hard and quick, I got an insufferable feeling of uneasiness, and trembling, a weariness in all my limbs, then a beating in my head, redness of the cheeks, thirst; in short all of the old symptoms with which I was familiar in Ague appeared one after the other. Also those particularly characteristic symptoms with which I was wont to observe in Agues – obtuseness of the senses, a kind of stiffness in all of the limbs, but especially that dull disagreeable feeling which seems to have its seat in the periosteum of all the bones in the body – these all put in an appearance. This paroxysm lasted each time I repeated the dose, not otherwise. I left off and I became well.”

This was an outstanding revelation to Hahnemann, the opposite of what he was taught in his medical studies. He had been taught that a drug is given to counteract the symptom, for example laxatives are given for constipation. This system is commonly known now as the system of opposites. However the experiment with CHINA had shown him that a drug which can cure malaria produces malaria-like symptoms in a healthy person.

Further experiments with CHINA only confirmed Hahnemann’s results and he was also astonished at the great abundance of other symptoms which occurred on taking the drug which were not talked of in the literature of his day. He realised that each medicine had the possibility of curing other diseases with similar symptoms.

Thus was born – or perhaps we should say ‘reborn’ as Hippocrates himself spoke of this law – the Law or Principle of Similars. Over the next 40 years it was to be developed by Hahnemann into a substantial body of meticulously researched work on thousands of medicinally useful substances.

Hahnemann’s first public announcement of his newly found principle appeared six years later in 1796 in Hufeland’s Journal for Practising Physicians under the title: ” Essay on a New Principle for Ascertaining the curative Power of drugs”.

In this essay approximately 50 drugs were mentioned. Many of them Hahnemann had himself taken for the purpose of experimentation to explore what symptoms were elicited. In this essay Hahnemann made a critique of the existing methods of treatment and then introduced his own discoveries which he had formulated from his own experiments with medicines. The year 1796 has consequently been seen by some followers of Homoeopathy as the year of the birth of Homoeopathy, because at this point Hahnemann publicly stated what is now known as the Law of Similars and called his new form of medicine Homoeopathy.

Homoeopathy – A Definition
Hahnemann termed the medical system based on the Law of Similars Homoeopathy from the Greek words: Homoios – meaning similar and Pathos – meaning suffering.

The Law of Similars – Similia Similibus Curentur (Let likes be cured by likes)
A medicinal substance which creates symptoms and conditions in a healthy person will cure a sick person manifesting similar symptoms.

The example of an onion illustrates the Law of Similars well. When we peel an onion we experience a runny nose, stinging and tears in the eyes with redness and soreness and often sneezing. The remedy ALLIUM CEPA, made from an onion, cures the symptoms of hay fever which often include runny nose, stinging tears from the eyes and sneezing.

As I have previously mentioned, this idea of using a similar medicine was not entirely new. Hippocrates said: “An illness is caused by similar means and similar means can cure men of illness”. Hahnemann did not pretend to be the first to discover this method of healing but stressed:”Till now nobody has taught this Homoeopathic way of healing, nobody has actually carried it out. Even if the truth of this method has been disregarded for hundreds of years it is to be expected that traces of her immortal influence can be discovered in all epochs. And so it is.”

After several more years of experimentation Hahnemann started practising his new medicine by matching the signs and symptoms of each patient’s illness to remedies which produced similar signs and symptoms in a healthy person and achieved a rate of cure which was truly remarkable.

During an epidemic of the plague in Leipzig, when tens of thousands of people were dying and when every victim of the epidemic was committed to the death house, Hahnemann with his new system of medicine saved 183 consecutive cases. Most of these patients had been considered beyond help and had been left to die.

One of Hahnemann’s students who put the ‘new’ medicine to practical use during the plague treated 154 patients Homoeopathically. He lost 6 patients whereas the orthodox doctors treated 1500 patients and lost 821. These statistics are verifiable from the records and show us that even at a very early stage of its development the principles could be clearly seen to work in crisis situations where no other element other than homoeopathic treatment could have caused the cure.